International and Comparative Librarianship

S. R. Ranganathan, P. N. Kaula, R. N. Sharma, J. F. Harvey, D. J. Foskett, J. P. Danton, M. M. Jackson, etc.
This Blogosphere has a slant towards India [a.k.a Indica, Indo, South-Asian, Oriental, Bharat, Hindustan, Asian-Indian (not American Indian)].

Saturday, November 21, 2015

Broadening Your Internet Search -- Making Searching Even Easier

Internet (or Google) search is not the same a library's catalog search.

Let's first see the problem with what we do (in our Internet search step), and how Google assumes our search request.

In Google search, by using different keywords your search gets more specific.
Example: a. (key words) International Comparative Librarianship; b. (words & key phrases, i.e., words in quotes) "Information services" Research "Content management" Training "Human Resources" "Helpful Advice" "Related Services"
The above specificity reduces the number of search results. Remember, if you make it too specific, you may miss some useful websites.

When you type a word, Google search mechanism views it as though there is an AND between each of your search terms-- though you may not have typed: AND. Obviously Google will search only for websites that have all the words you entered.

Now to broaden your search, you can type OR between two words (that automatically avoids AND). Then, Google looks for sites that have any one of your search terms. For example, if you search for ‘International OR librarianship’, you will find only results with either words--results show all the sites containing the words ‘international’ and all the pages containing the word ‘librarianship’.  [adapted from]

See also:

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Saturday, August 15, 2015

Reordering Ranganathan: Shifting User Behaviours, Shifting Priorities, An OCLC Research Report

By Lynn Silipigni Connaway and Ixchel M. Faniel, SRELS Journal of Information Management, Vol 52(1) | February 2015, p. 3–23:

Abridged version of: Connaway, Lynn Silipigni, and Ixchel M. Faniel. 2014. Reordering Ranganathan: Shifting User Behaviors, Shifting Priorities. Dublin, OH: OCLC Research.

Reordering Ranganathan: Shifting User Behaviors, Shifting Priorities: An OCLC Research Report by: Lynn Silipigni Connaway, Ph.D., and Ixchel Faniel, Ph.D.

This report suggests that Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan's Five Laws of Library Science can be reordered and reinterpreted to reflect today's library resources and services, as well as the behaviors that people demonstrate when engaging with them.

Key highlights of the Report:
  • Today's library users challenge librarians to move from the simple declaration of "save the time of the reader"; meeting today's users' needs requires embedding library systems and services into their existing workflows
  • Our modern-day rephrasing of "every person his or her book" is know your community and its needs
  • The core meaning of "books are for use" is still about access; however, our interpretation focuses on developing the physical and technical infrastructure needed to deliver materials
  • Our interpretation of "every book its reader" focuses on increasing the discoverability, access and use of resources within users’ existing workflows
  • We agree that "a library is a growing organism" and propose growing users' share of attention -- continue reading: An OCLC Research Report

Saturday, August 01, 2015

Eight Weird Facts From the History of the (Western) Library, flavorwire

“The hallmark of public libraries — the printed book, bound by covers and centuries of page-turning — is being shoved aside by digital doppelgangers,” the Washington Post wrote this month. It’s true. And because of the recent incineration of hundreds of thousands of printed volumes across the Western world, libraries are of increasing interest to the “general intellect.”
As it happens, too, they are of interest to the specialized mind. Thankfully, the two intersect in The Meaning of the Library, an excellent collection of essays on the cultural history of the library in the Western world, edited by Alice Crawford and out this month from Princeton University Press. One of the many virtues of Crawford’s collection is that it situates the contemporary library’s precious present within a long history of upheaval and general weirdness. Below is a sampling, from the book, of that history. continue reading: 8 Weird ... Library flavorwire

The book: The meaning of the library : a cultural history / edited by Alice Crawford. New Jersey : Princeton University Press, [2015]
About the book:
"From Greek and Roman times to the digital era, the library has remained central to knowledge, scholarship, and the imagination. Generously illustrated, The Meaning of the Library examines this key institution of Western culture. Tracing what the library has meant since its beginning, examining how its significance has shifted, and pondering its importance in the twenty-first century, significant contributors—including the librarian of the Congress and the former executive director of the HathiTrust—present a cultural history of the library.
Whether relishing an account of the Alexandrian Library or a look at the stylish railway libraries of nineteenth-century England, readers will find a sparkling survey of the library through time. Here, too, are the imagined libraries of fiction, poetry, and film, from Scheherazade's stories to The Name of the Rose and beyond. In an informative introduction, Alice Crawford sets out the book's purpose and scope, and an international array of scholars, librarians, writers, and critics offer vivid perspectives about the library through their chosen fields. Contributors to this collection include David Allan, James Billington, Robert Crawford, Robert Darnton, Stephen Enniss, Richard Gameson, Edith Hall, Laura Marcus, Andrew Pettegree, John Sutherland, Marina Warner, and John Wilkin.
A landmark collection, The Meaning of the Library addresses the significance of the library—both physical and virtual—in the past and present, and will appeal to readers, librarians, and all who are interested in this vital institution's heritage and ongoing legacy."

Introduction / Alice Crawford -- Part 1. The Library through Time. 1. Adventures in ancient Greek and Roman libraries / Edith Hall ; 2. The image of the medieval library / Richard Gameson ; 3. The Renaissance library and the challenge of print / Andrew Pettegree ; 4. From printing shop to bookshelves : how books began the journey to Enlightenment libraries / Robert Darnton ; 5. "The advantages of literature" : the subscription library in Georgian Britain / David Allan ; 6. Literature and the library in the nineteenth century / John Sutherland -- Part 2. The Library in Imagination. 7. The library in fiction / Marina Warner ; 8. The library in poetry / Robert Crawford ; 9. The library in film : order and mystery / Laura Marcus -- Part 3. The Library Now and in the Future. 10. "Casting and gathering" : libraries, archives, and the modern writer / Stephen Enniss ; 11. Meanings of the library today / John P. Wilkin ; 12. The modern library and global democracy / James H. Billington.

On the same shelf:

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Sunday, July 26, 2015

Librarian at Chinese university admits to replacing famous paintings with his own fakes

By LOUISE WATT, Associated Press
BEIJING (AP) — A former chief librarian at a Chinese university admitted in court Tuesday to stealing more than 140 paintings by grandmasters in a gallery under his watch and replacing them with fakes he painted himself.
For two years up until 2006, Xiao Yuan substituted famous works including landscapes and calligraphies in a gallery within the library of the Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts. Details
More details:
"Man admits swapping classic Chinese artworks for fakes he painted himself: Xiao Yuan stole 143 works from the Guanghzou Academy of Fine Arts while working as its chief librarian, making £3.5m from auction sales "
"Appearing in court on Tuesday, he claimed the practice was rampant and the handling of such paintings was not secure. Xiao said he noticed fakes already hanging in the gallery on his first day in the job. Later, after he replaced some of the remaining original works with his own fakes, he was surprised when the latter were substituted for further fake paintings." Details

Friday, August 15, 2014

Philosophy of information literacy: To read, view, listen or interact in using information

PS. image courtesy: Brenau Trustee Library
Miriam (Mimi) Sue Dudley, 1983:
"Library instruction, bibliographic instruction and user education are all reference services. The concept of reference as an assistance to users of libraries first appeared in Library Journal in 1891. In 1870's personal assistance to the reader was made available, in 1877 the access to the resources themselves was restricted to the research. In 1884 Dewey introduced the first reference department at Columbia University. In the last quarter of the 20th century library instruction was formalized as a separate function. establishing a separate unit within ALA.
The philosophy of bibliographic instruction asks the questions: why, when, where and who of library instructions. The answer: When? Now, Always, Anytime. Where? Anyplace. Every Place. Who? Your users and your colleagues. Why? Because you are a librarian." (p.63) [source] (probably the complete citation is :  Mimi Dudley, "A Philosophy of Library Instruction", Research Strategies, 1:2 (Spring 1983), 63.)

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Thursday, August 07, 2014

Access top articles from International Information & Library Review for FREE online

Free Access to the Most Downloaded Articles of 2012-2013 International Information Library Review
For more than twenty years, the International Information and Library Review has been welcomed by information scientists, librarians and other scholars and practitioners all over the world for its timely articles on research and development in international and comparative librarianship, information sciences, information policy and information ethics, digital values and digital libraries. Contributions to the journal have come from staff or members of many different international organizations, including the United Nations, UNESCO, IFLA, and INTAMEL, and from library and information scientists in academia, government, industry, and other organizations. continue reading

Access these top articles for FREE until December 31, 2014:
  • A university library management model for students’ learning support Volume 45, Issue 3-4 (2013) Kulthida Tuamsuk, Kanyarat Kwiecien & Jutharat Sarawanawongong
  • Library and information literacy instruction in Israeli colleges and universities: A preliminary surveyVolume 45, Issue 3-4 (2013) Carol R. Simon
  • The prediction of Internet utilization behavior of undergraduate agricultural students: An application of the theory of planned behavior Volume 45, Issue 3-4 (2013) Naser Zamani-Miandashti, Payam Memarbashi & Parvin Khalighzadeh
  • Multilingual Digital Libraries: A review of issues in system-centered and user-centered studies, information retrieval and user behaviorVolume 45, Issue 1-2 (2013)Evgenia Vassilakaki & Emmanouel Garoufallou
  • Traditional knowledge management and preservation: Intersections with Library and Information ScienceVolume 44, Issue 1 (2012) Charles Kamau Maina
  • Users' perceptions of library effectiveness: A comparative users' evaluation of central libraries of AMU, BHU, ALU and BBRAU Volume 44, Issue 2 (2012)Abdul Mannan Khan
  • Use of social networking sites by research scholars of the University of Delhi: A study Volume 44, Issue 3 (2012) Margam Madhusudhan
  • Use of digital media and demand for digitized contents in higher education sector of Pakistan Volume 44, Issue 3 (2012) Muhammad Rafiq & Kanwal Ameen