International and Comparative Librarianship
DEDICATED TO PIONEERS INCLUDING:
S. R. Ranganathan, P. N. Kaula, R. N. Sharma, J. F. Harvey, D. J. Foskett, J. P. Danton, M. M. Jackson, etc.
This Blogosphere has a slant towards India [a.k.a Indica, Indo, South-Asian, Oriental, Bharat, Hindustan, Asian-Indian (not American Indian)].
Does Bollywood incite sexual violence in India? Amir Khan says: "film industry really needs to look inwards"
THE REEL WORLD| BBC:
Does Bollywood incite sexual violence in India? Tom Brook:
"(Statistical) Figures suggest a woman is raped in India every 22 minutes. Does the way female characters are depicted on screen play a role? Tom Brook asks some of the industry's major players...
"In the soul searching that has accompanied these shocking stories, the question has been asked: is Bollywood partly to blame for fomenting sexual violence against Indian women because of its imagery and narratives?
"The portrayal of women in Indian cinema is showing some encouraging signs of improvement but top Indian director Mira Nair isn’t happy with mainstream Bollywood depictions which she sees as often demeaning. “A lot of our films go down the same old stereotype,” she says. “When there’s a sexy babe she has to gyrate and gyrate and she has to be an object of great allure and sex appeal and almost I would say vulgarity.”
Stars concede Bollywood may be partly to blame but argue that the entertainment industry shouldn’t really be the main focus of concern. “We don’t have proper law and order,” says Aamir Khan. “If you’d look at rape as a crime in India, most of the rape cases don’t get reported. So, I think that while the film industry really needs to look inwards, towards ourselves to see how we portray women in our films – and certainly a lot needs to be done there – I think the larger problem, and the larger issue, is that our law and order machinery has just completely failed us.” ... "Feminist critics have argued that the continual sexual objectification of women on screen can have a harmful impact on women in the real world and can lead to acts of violence." [source: [BBC]
/ Bollywood culture promoting rape culture « Area 14/8
"The situation has a comic dimension too because the contradictions in this traditional society’s approach to money and sex are also being highlighted. The new heroes are those who make a fast buck and display an entrepreneurial animal spirit. The films that once used two swaying flowers to represent a kissing couple now come suffused with semi-nudity and vulgar lyrics. The sexualisation of culture by Bollywood, the media and the fashion industry has followed economic liberalisation. An occasional conservative backlash cannot curtail the insatiable demand for soft-porn and beer bars." [source: Moral Panic in India by L.K. SHARMA]
"Lately, there has been a paradigm shift in the depiction of female actresses who easily drop clothes stating the demand of the story. Hot, steamy scenes and clothe-shy damsels are at their best. Registering a significant change, Canadian porn actress has featured in a Bollywood movie and sensuousness seems to be most profiting element in the film industry. It triggers debate that obscenity affects mindsets and Bollywood has also been instrumental." [source: Is vulgarity in Bollywood impacting crime?]
"The overt hypersexualization of the song-dance sequence is a kind of“MTVization” of Hindi film music; the song is packaged as a 5-minutevideo which can advertise the film and be sold as an independent commodity. Observing the changes in the dancing and musical style Lal (1998) writes, “Whereas in older song-and-dance sequence the erotic had an element of coy and the tentative, today the erotic has in it elements of rank sexuality, brutish pride, and vulgarity. Naked feet adorned by anklets have been replaced with high leather boots and the pelvic thrusts display the hunger of a newly-unleashed sexuality. As in other spheres, in the theatre of sexuality, the Indian adventure with globalization is on display”(p. 231). Websites such as Indiaplaza.com, nehaflix.com, and hindimovies.com, catering to diasporic Indians, sell DVDs containing item num-bers from films." [source: GLOBALIZATION OF BOLLYWOOD: ANETHNOGRAPHY OF NON-ELITE AUDIENCES IN INDIA by Shakuntala Rao]
Jasbir Jassi, who shot to fame during the pop revolution of the 90's, is in a different space these days. He feels enough is enough and something needs to be done about "vulgar lyrics" in Bollywood songs that stand to spoil the youth. And coming Women's Day, August 8, the' Dil Le Gayi Kudi Gujarat Ki' and 'Kudi Kudi 'hit maker is set to address the media along side Ritu Beri in Delhi to talk about issues concerning women's safety in India. [source: Jassi to address the issue of women's safety on Women's Day by Abhimanyu Mishra, TNN ]
Sex in Bollywood movies - World Review - IndiaDivine.org -- Bollywood Is Demonic:
If you want to keep your righteousness values, avoid Bollywood movies. Until around the late 70’s, Bollywood movies were ok, but now they have simply become stupid, silly, and demonic...
1. Excessive immoral values are portrayed in most bollywood movies.
2. Sexy dance and music scenes.
3. Portraying Materialism and Modern (western) culture as the goal.
4. Getting away from Indian/Hindu culture and tradition.
5. Depicting sexual lust.
For your information:
1. Bollywood movies show nothing but violence, sex and immoral values. Lust, Greed and Anger are the three gates to hell. Materialism turns an intelligent person into one of total ignorance.
2. Sexy dance and music scenes turn one into a materialist person with total ignorance to the truth. continue reading : IndiaDivine.org
Bollywood in frame over women as sex objects "Sexual violence in India has made headlines across the world over the recent months. Activists have pinned the blame on Bollywood's culture of objectifying women, but how much truth is there to the accusation?" [image courtesy: dw.de]
Libraries Targets High-School and High-Schools Target Library Education
says: "Sounds like a great opportunity for library board / school board partnerships. Libraries are less stigmatizing environments for adult learners catching up on high school and e-learning is more flexible for workers than going to a local high school night class."
Two news stories about schools and libraries, one in US and the other in India make headlines. These headlines are not necessarily to say that the jobs of librarians will tend to improve, or that the image of profession has changed from books to classrooms. It is for the coming times to show what are the true colors of these headlines.
- Career Online High School Pilot Program Begins March 3, 2014. "Los Angeles Public Library to Offer High School Diploma and Career Certificate Program in Partnership with Gale : This is a very important development for public libraries where they can offer high school accredited diplomas and credits to their patrons." Read more: Online Learning in Libraries Targets High-School Dropouts / Literacy Council has lots to celebrate / Private Online School District Battles America's High School Dropout Crisis and Offers a Solution to Educational Trauma / Changing Lives & the Public Library: Career Online High School, Library Journal / Career Online High School: Los Angeles Public Library / Career Online High School Get the Education and Career Skills You Need to Succeed
"The library hopes to grant high school diplomas to 150 adults in the first year at a cost to the library of $150,000, Szabo said. Many public libraries offer programs to prepare students and in some cases administer the General Educational Development test, which for decades was the brand name for the high school equivalency exam." cbsnews.com
- Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) introduces library and information science for grade XI and XII students, THE TIMES OF INDIA, Feb 13, 2014/ Now, learn all about libraries, The Hindu:
"CBSE students may soon get to go to their school libraries not just during the designated hour, but also to understand the workings of classification, cataloguing, library-related technologies and library automation software, among other aspects."... According to a recent CBSE circular, the elective aims to develop basic understanding, theory and practical knowledge, and skill to pursue the subject for higher education and basic skills to work as a library semi-professional.
A. Amudavalli, professor and head, library and information sciences, University of Madras, says it is a viable and necessary career option. She says since it is an elective, it cannot be equivalent to a diploma, but it is a good move by the Board. “There is definitely more demand than there are people in this field,” she says. “Library science has changed drastically and, today, we work in a hybrid environment. Not only is there a demand for librarians, they are also well-paid,” she says, adding students of her department were placed well now.
Labels: Information literacy, Library Education
Anne Frank's Diary vandalised in Tokyo Libraries, BBC
Desperately seeking alternatives: Uncovering assumptions &/or outcomes about the student research process
Ps. This is not about plagiarism, using or not using Wikis. It is simply about the value and utility of national resources for an otherwise unattained mission in the academic life and times.
- The End of the College Essay, By Rebecca Schuman :
Everybody in college hates papers. Students hate writing them so much that they buy, borrow, or steal them instead. Plagiarism is now so commonplace that if we flunked every kid who did it, we’d have a worse attrition rate than a MOOC. And on those rare occasions undergrads do deign to compose their own essays, said exegetic masterpieces usually take them all of half an hour at 4 a.m. to write, and consist accordingly of “arguments” that are at best tangentially related to the coursework, font-manipulated to meet the minimum required page-count. Oh, “attitudes about cultures have changed over time”? I’m so glad you let me know."
- Keep the ‘Research,’ Ditch the ‘Paper’ by Marc Bousquet, The Chronicle
- Why I Hate Grading, by Kate Antonova
- My Professor Hates Me!: Dos & Don’ts of Dealing
- Harvard Professor Gives Two Sets Of Marks To Combat Grade Inflation
- I think the required Humanities courses in college are a waste of time
- Barbara Valentine, Undergraduate research behavior: Using focus groups to generate theory
The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 19, Issue 5, November 1993, Pages 300–304
- Student Learning Outcomes—A Focus on Results, by Bill Scroggins "This series of reflections are intended to address getting useful results from the SLO process—maximizing utility and minimizing futility. (That little “f” really makes a difference, doesn’t it?)"
- Tools and Techniques for Course Improvement: A Handbook for Course Review and Assessment of Student Learning, Compiled, adapted, and edited by Richard Frye, Gary R. McKinney, Joseph E. Trimble
- Brandt, LaRoy S.E., and Jack Lee Hayes. "Broader impacts of undergraduate research at a community college: opening doors to new ideas." Council on Undergraduate Research Quarterly 33.1 (2012): 17
- Carol Kulthau, Betty Turok, Mary W. George, Robert J. Belvin, Validating a Model of the Search Process: A Comparison of Academic, Public and School Library Users, Library & Information Science Research, 12 (1990), pp. 5–31
- Evan Farber, Alternative to the Term Paper: See, for instance L. Hardesty, J. Hastreiter, D. Henderson (Eds.), Bibliographic Instruction in Practice, Pierian Press, Ann Arbor (1993), pp. 89–96
- Undergraduate research experiences: The translation of science education from reading to doing, by Suzzette F. Chopin, The Anatomical Record, Volume 269, Issue 1, pages 3–10, 15 February 2002
- Jane Keefer, The Hungry Rats Syndrome: Library Anxiety, Information Literacy and the Academic Reference Process, RQ, 32 (1993), pp. 333–339
- Institutionalizing Undergraduate Research for Geology Majors through Creative Inquiry Experiences
by Wagner, John R; Journal of College Science Teaching, ISSN 0047-231X, 2010, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp. 30 - 37
- Ten Time-Saving Tips for Undergraduate Research Mentors, by Coker, Jeffrey Scott and Davies, Eric Journal of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Education, ISSN 1059-9053, 2006, Volume 35, pp. 110 - 112
- Undergraduate research experiences: the translation of science education from reading to doing by Chopin, Suzzette F The Anatomical record, ISSN 0003-276X, 02/2002, Volume 269, Issue 1, pp. 3 - 10
- Broader impacts of undergraduate research at a community college: opening doors to new ideas
by Brandt, LaRoy S.E and Hayes, Jack Lee, Council on Undergraduate Research Quarterly, ISSN 1072-5830, 2012, Volume 33, Issue 1, p. 17
- Two models for an effective undergraduate research experience in physiology and other natural sciences by David C. Randall; Frank H. Wilbur; Timothy J. Burkholder
Advances in Physiology Education, ISSN 1043-4046, 06/2004, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp. 68 - 72
- Peer teaching and mentoring: the case of undergraduate research fellows, Sloane, Amy
Council on Undergraduate Research Quarterly, ISSN 1072-5830, 2010, Volume 31, Issue 2, p. 11
- Futility of Modern Research | Spiritual Science Research Foundation
- Learning strategies and undergraduate research, by Polack-Wahl, Jennifer and Anewalt, Karen
Labels: Academic standards, Education, outcome, Research
New on the shelf: Are Libraries Obsolete?
Are Libraries Obsolete?: An Argument for Relevance in the Digital Age
Mark Y. Herring
About the Book
The digital age has transformed information access in ways that
few ever dreamed. But the afterclap of our digital wonders has left
libraries reeling as they are no longer the chief contender in
The author gives both sides--the web
aficionados, some of them unhinged, and the traditional librarians, some
blinkered--a fair hearing but misconceptions abound. Internet be-all
and end-all enthusiasts are no more useful than librarians who urge
fellow professionals to be all things to all people. The American
Library Association, wildly democratic at its best and worst, appears
schizophrenic on the issue, unhelpfully. "My effort here," says the
author, "is to talk about the elephant in the room."
libraries obsolete? No! concludes the author (also). The book explores
how libraries and librarians must and certainly can continue to be
relevant, vibrant and enduring.
Contents: Everything is still not on the Internet -- Searching the Web -- Quality control, or lack thereof -- Rotting from within? -- En masse : mass digitization -- Copyright -- Ebooks über alles? -- Depth and ubiquity -- Reading and literacy -- Privacy -- Piracy -- You are here -- Are libraries obsolete after all? : two scenarios -- Epilogue: reviving the spirit of Andrew
On the same shelf:
Labels: Digital Libraries, future of libraries
MOOCs offer courses and not degree programs: Facts and Myths revisited
The bottomline is Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)'s facilitate access to content in most convenient way. In short they are content for informal education...
But, then with content, library books, and readings, does this directly and conveniently bring education (with necessary competency and skills) that leads to jobs or merely gives a means to find information that leads to intellectual satisfaction??? It is for the seeker to decide whatever they need... "MOOCs are free non-degree online courses with open unlimited global enrollment to anyone who desires to learn, and regardless of their current educational level.
" source: Global Directory of MOOC
From m.chronicle.com - January 19, 5:22 PM
"An annual survey's findings reveal growing skepticism among academic leaders about the long-term prospects for massive open online courses." (source)
- It is About Spending Money Wisely on Education
- MOOCs Continue a Diverse Education System
- MOOCs Are About Quality Mass Education
- MOOCs are built on 100 years of distance education experience
Here is the MOOCs/Final Debate - MindMeister Mind Map (includes Pros and Cons). More discussion: MOOCs: Disrupting the University or Business as Usual? - Arena; Is higher education actually making inequality worse?
- It's All about Money
- MOOCs Create a Two-Tier Educational System
- MOOCs Are Inherently Inferior
- MOOCs Are Mechanistic
- We've Seen How This Plays Out
Labels: academic libraries, Distance Education